CUSCO IN THE ANDES
Cusco is located in the southeastern region of the Andes. It is one of Peru’s destinations that attract many tourists, in their different modes of travel. The Incas of Tawantin Suyo called it the Navel of the world and the home of the Andean gods. In the glory days of the Incas, founded by Qapaq Manko Inka, Cusco was the center of the world. Everyone recognized the inhabitants of Tawantin Suyo. Cusco was the administrative, economic, religious and military center of the Andean world. Everybody went to Cusco for trading, festivities, religious reasons, or simply when the Incas summoned the nations to gather for important reasons to Tawantin Suyo. Its name in Quechua, Qosqo means “navel of the world”, because at this place the roads come together witch lead to all areas of the current Andean countries: Peru, Chile, Ecuador, Bolivia, Argentina and Colombia.
In the city of Cusco you can feel the fusion of Andean and Western cultures. In the Inkanato they understand the Gods, spirits, and Pachamama. The Andean religion was mainly based on the protection and preservation of nature and the cosmos. Since colonization, the Spaniards brought a culture and a catholic religion in a way of trying to change or confuse the foundations of Aboriginal culture and Andean religion. Therefore, in the city of Cusco you can see the traditional, religious and cultural syncretism. But one can surely enjoy the delicious cuisine, folklore and other Andean traditions and customs
In Cusco you will also find catholic temples, mostly built on the foundations and stones designed by the Incas. For Cusco you can say that there is a higher percentage of inhabitants practicing Catholicism than other religions. But the Andean religion or the Andean Spirituality of the Incas still prevails, thanks to the preservation of some teachers descendent of the Incas. A lot of people still believe in the Andean Gods, the Apus, Pachamama etc. In Cusco and throughout the Andean region, you will find archaeological sites left by the Incas, or as some call it: ruins. This because the Spanish destroyed all the wonders built by the Inca
LOCATION AND AREA
Cusco – Peru is located in the central and south eastern Peru, exactly in the western part of the valley of the river Watanay. The department has a surface of approximately 76,225 km, and is only 5.9% of the Peruvian territory (1’285,215 km ²). Cusco and its whole province has a surface of 523 square kilometers.
The Peruvian territory is divided in three regions: the coast, the highlands and the jungle. Each of these large areas has a great biodiversity, extensive enough geography and many different climates. In Peru there is a vast wealth of flora and fauna with a very high biodiversity.
Cusco is located approximately over 3,350 meters. Some see Cusco and its mountains as the highest in the world, because the altitude of its mountains is over 5,000 m.
CLIMATE OF CUSCO
Cusco’s climate is relatively cool. The average annual temperature fluctuates between 4.2 ° C and 19.6 ° C (39.6 ° and 67.3 ° Fahrenheit). There is some uniformity in temperature between summer and winter. Usually it’s cold at night and during the early morning hours the temperature raises until noon. On sunny days the temperature reaches 20 ° C.
Cusco is under the macro-climatic influence of large air masses from the south eastern rainforest, Altiplano, and even from the distant Patagonia region. The winds coming from the Peruvian-Bolivian Altiplano are rather cold and dry, like those from Patagonia, entering the southeastern area and usually involve larger-scale climate events.
La altitud en la que se encuentra el Cusco y su proximidad al ecuador generan una variedad de climas en los que se distinguen dos estaciones bien definidas:
On the other hand, the local winds that are generated in the valleys and plains have the function of distributing heat and humidity throughout the day. The winds of the southern forest involve huge masses of humid air, which are driven by the trade winds from the east.
The altitude in which Cusco is located and its proximity to Ecuador generate a variety of climates in which two distinct seasons:
– The rainy season, from November to April. During these months the landscape becomes very beautiful and green.
– The dry season, from May to October with intense cold in the mornings and evenings during the month of June (frost time). Temperature frequently drops to 5 ° or 7 ° C, even can reach below zero.
Bordered on the north by the jungles of Junín and Ucayali, on the south by Arequipa and Puno, on the east by the great Amazonian lowlands of Madre de Dios and on the west by the Serra de Apurimac and Ayacucho jungle. Peru maintains good bilateral relations with brothers-Neighbors countries: Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile.
The official language of Peru is Castilian, but in many regions of Cusco they are still speaking the language of the ancient Peruvians Incas: Quechua. Some hosts and hostesses have taught who to speak English and other languages, making it easier for foreign visitors.
Cusco has about 300.000 inhabitants and a yearly growth of population of approximately 4%.
The official currency in Peru is the New Sol and its symbol is S /. This is issued in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 new soles; coins of 1.2 and 5 new soles, and at 10, 20 and 50 cent new soles.
The American dollar is the easiest foreign currency to change in soles. In the tourist season many tourist services base their prices on USD. You can freely use the American dollar to shop or pay any service. Prices will be calculated based on the exchange rate on the informal market, which is public knowledge. You can change your money at most hotels, change houses or the bank. In other regions of Peru there are fewer places where you can exchange money.
The most widely accepted credit cards are Visa and Master Card. American Express and Diners cards are accepted on a smaller scale. If you will be traveling outside of Cusco you better take enough cash with you.
In Cusco it is easy to find ATMs. They allow almost all credit cards and cash may be provided 24 hours. Please contact your bank for a list of foreign locations where your card is accepted.
Cusco is a very safe city. The visiting tourist should take appropriate precautions, as everywhere else in the world. When you go out on the streets of Cusco, do not carry more money than you need. It is preferable that all valuables, including passports, jewelry and money be deposited in the safes offered by hotels. Only for long trips out of town you have to take your passport with you. The cameras (photo and video) as well as bags and rucksacks should be fastened at your shoulder.
International Airport Cusco-Velasco Astete
Address: Av Astete Velasco s / n Huanchaq, Cusco, Peru.
Phone: +51 (0) 84 222601
Fax: +51 (0) 84-244968
RAILWAYSTATION IN CUSCO
Address: Via Evitamiento Av N ° 429, Cusco – Peru.
Phone: (51-84) 224471
– Peru Rail
– Inca Rail
Av. Cultural s / n.
Tel: (084) 22-3691.
24 hour service.
Municipal Medical Center.
Av. Micaela Bastidas s / n, Wanchaq.
Tel: (084) 22-4272.
Attention: 24 Hours.
Address: No. 510 Saphy.
Av. El Sol 800.
Tel: (084) 22-4212 / 24-8352.
Hours: Monday-Saturday, 7: 30-20: 00, Sunday 7: 30-14: 30.
REGIONAL TRADE AND ADDRESS OF CUSCO Tursimo
DIRCETUR-CUSCO, Address: Plaza Tupac Amaru Mz 1 Lte 2 Wanchaq – Cusco, province and department of Cusco.
Commission for the Promotion of Peru for export and tourism – PROMPERÚ, Tourist Information Service
3647 Avenida Republica de Panama, San Isidro -. Lima (51-1) 616 7300
Tel / fax: (511) 224-9355.
Caution: L-V 9: 00-17: 30.
Tel: (511) 574-8000.
24 hour service.
Andean Community of Teachers, teaching and dissemination of the Andean ancestral knowledge.
Mobile: + 51-84-984 229682, + 51-84-963931212
Heading No.: 11093692
Address: Av Daniel Estrada Perez, I-9 – AA.HH. Arahuay, District of Santiago Cusco – Peru.